Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants help people of all ages participate in the activities they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday actions — or occupations. Common occupational therapy interventions can help children with disabilities participate fully in school and social situations, assist people recovering from injury regain skills and support older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes.
Occupational therapy involves a range of services, typically including:
- An individualized evaluation during which goals are determined by the occupational therapist and the patient and/or family
- A customized intervention plan to improve the person’s ability to perform daily activities and reach goals
- An outcomes evaluation to ensure goals are being met or make changes to the intervention plan ifnecessary
Occupational therapy services may include comprehensive evaluations of the client’s home and other environments like the workplace or school. Services may also include adaptive equipment recommendations and training in the use of equipment, and education for family members and caregivers. Occupational therapy practitioners have a holistic perspective, focusing on adapting the environment to fit the person. The person being treated is an integral part of the therapy team.