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PSA Test

PSA or prostate specific antigen is a substance produced by the prostate gland. If these levels are elevated, it could be an indicator that you have prostate cancer. Your PSA levels are tested through a simple blood test.

Digital rectal examination

This procedure is done to check for any growths in or enlargement of the prostate gland. Your doctor does this by inserting a lubricated gloved, finger gently into the rectum. He or she may use the other hand to press on the lower belly or pelvic area.

You should discuss the risks, potential benefits and timing of prostate cancer screenings with your health care provider. Risks can include being of African American decent or having an immediate relative with a history of prostate cancer before the age of 65. If you have any of these risks, you could start screening at age 45. If not, talk to your doctor about screenings after the age of 50.

To schedule a prostate cancer screening, call your Sanford primary care physician.