Fertility and Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Endocrinology

If you're having a difficult time conceiving, it may be a result of an imbalance in the many complex hormones involved in getting pregnant. Our bodies require a specific balance of hormones in order to produce a viable pregnancy. If any of these hormones are out of place or missing altogether, you may wish to consult with a reproductive endocrinologist.

Your reproductive endocrinologist is trained to treat hormone imbalances as it pertains to reproduction and fertility in both men and women. They can perform treatments and therapies such as hormone correction, ovulation induction, and in vitro fertilization.


If you have attempted to become pregnant but have not conceived after a year of unprotected, regular intercourse (or after 6 months if you are age 35 or older), you may have subfertility/infertility. In addition, if you became pregnant but suffered a miscarriage, you could have other fertility challenges. Infertility can be a devastating diagnosis. However, with the personal care and advanced expertise and techonology now offered, many of these challenges can be overcome. In addition, Sanford is investing millions of dollars and hours of research looking for ways to reverse infertility. You have options.

Causes of infertility

Infertility can happen to both men and women, and sometimes conditions in both people can play a role. Maternal age is the single most predictive factor regarding fertility. Lifestyle factors (that may not necessarily cause infertility but can certainly affect it) include some of the following:

  • stress
  • weight
  • smoking
  • alcohol use
  • overall health
  • certain medications

Other common causes have to do with:

  • age
  • sperm count
  • abnormal hormone production

There is a wide range of factors that can contribute to fertility issues and a number of diagnostic tests that can help determine the reasons.