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If your annual Pap smear results come back abnormal or inconclusive, your doctor may ask you to come back in for additional testing. Even if you have an abnormal Pap smear, you may not have cervical cancer. In fact, a majority of pap smears are not indicative of cancer at all, but simply a sign of inflammation or vaginal infection.

If your doctor thinks it's appropriate, you will have to return for a follow-up visit for a colposcopy. A colposcopy is a special exam that helps your doctor get a closer look at your cervix in order to identify any possible abnormalities. It's a simple procedure that takes about ten to fifteen minutes and can be performed in your doctor's office.