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Sanford Cancer Center – Genitourinary Cancer

The Sanford Genitourinary (GU) Cancer Team cares for patients with cancers of the prostate, kidney, bladder, testicle, and penis. At Sanford Cancer Center, we take a unique approach to treating cancers of the genitourinary systems. Through the use of established multidisciplinary teams, our expert physicians will review each case and create a tailored treatment plan for every patient, taking into account individualized factors such as stage and cell type of a tumor. The team will make specific recommendations and provide options for a variety of treatments including access to clinical trials. This helps us to achieve the best possible outcome and quality of life for every patient we treat.

At Sanford Cancer Center our multispecialty team includes:

  • Urologists
  • Medical Oncologists
  • Surgeons
  • Radiation Oncologists
  • Pathologists
  • Radiologists
  • Nurses
  • Navigators
  • Research staff
  • Social Workers

Consultation with a multidisciplinary team will help to ensure you have access to the most current treatment options, clinical trials and state-of-the-art technology to treat your cancer. Patients are part of the treatment discussion from the beginning. Our individualized treatment plans aim to provide comprehensive care to patients, minimizing side effects and optimizing quality of life. To learn more about genitourinary cancer and your treatment options contact Sanford Cancer.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the growth of cancer cells within the prostate gland. The prostate gland is in the male reproductive system, located just below the bladder and is approximately the size of a walnut. Prostate cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in the United States. Approximately 1 in 5 men will get prostate cancer over the course of their lifetime.

Treatment options include:

  • Radiation Therapy
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biotherapy
  • Medical monitoring and surveillance

Kidney cancer

Renal cell cancer (also called kidney cancer) is a disease caused when cancer cells grow within the small tubes of the kidney. Renal cancer affects both men and women and can occur at any age, but it tends to be more common in men over the age of 45. There are 2 kidneys in the body, one on each side of the spine, slightly above the waist. The kidneys have thousands of tiny tubes that filter the waste products from the blood, creating urine so the waste can be excreted from the body.

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is the result of cells in the bladder changing and growing rapidly and uncontrollably. With these cellular changes, a group of cells- called a mass or tumor may form in the bladder. In some cases, this tumor is considered harmless (benign) which means that it does not contain cancer cells. However, some tumors test positive for cancer (malignant) which means they have a chance of spreading to other parts of the body and if left untreated, may cause concerning health issues. This abnormal growth is what your physician may describe as bladder cancer.

Testicular cancer

The testes are part of the male reproductive system which produce sperm and hormones. Testicular cancer occurs when cancer cells multiply within the testes. Testicular cancer is very small percentage of new cancers diagnosed in the United States each year, but a variety of highly effective treatment options exist.

Common treatment modalities include:
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Penile cancer

Penile cancer can occur anywhere in the penis, but when it occurs, it is commonly found within the skin tissue and is classified as a melanoma or basal cell carcinoma.
Common treatment modalities include:

  • Cryotherapy
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy