When Children Grieve hellip How Parents Can Help
Hannah's grief stemmed from a major change in the family: her parents' separation in May 2005 and subsequent divorce. Wondering what would happen next, she watched as her dad moved out of their Fargo home and into a nearby apartment, then several months later to another state. "At first, it was still easy to see him," says Hannah. "I could just slip on my shoes and run over there, but that changed when he moved to Colorado. And Lucy, our dog, went with him." Today, Hannah can talk more easily about the changes that year, but then, she kept her jumbled – often unidentified – feelings inside.
Children "show" grief
Michelle Jorgensen, M.D., child and adolescent psychiatrist at MeritCare in Fargo, says the inability to verbally express grief is the key difference between children's and adults' grief. "Most children aren't yet able to verbalize what they're experiencing, so instead of saying 'I'm really sad that grandma died' or 'I miss my dog,' a child will have
stomachaches, headaches, trouble sleeping, poor performance in school, regressive behaviors such as urine accidents – but really it's grief. It's just that they don't have the words to describe what they're going through," she says.
Dr. Jorgensen points out that what children grieve may surprise parents. "All kinds of things can trigger grief, including moving, the loss of friends, changing daycares, the loss of a babysitter, the death of a goldfish, even the loss of baby teeth," she says. "For some children, these changes pose no difficulty at all, but for others, they can be very difficult."
Divorce-related loss adds a couple additional factors – feelings of anger and parents occupied with their own issues and emotions. Dawn would be the first to say it's a complex mix. "As a parent, you like to think you know a lot and you can handle everything on your own, but I knew when it was time to suck up my pride and say, "We need help,'" says Dawn, a senior staffing specialist at Manpower in Fargo.
She reached out and found several resources: school counselor Nancy Tisor, a support group at school for children of separated or divorced parents and a "Children of Divorce" educational series at MeritCare. "I learned that it's okay to be afraid and you don't have to go through things alone," says Hannah. "There are people you can talk to and it will help." Both Hannah and Dawn appreciated strong support from church, friends and family, especially Hannah's grandparents in Fargo.
When to seek help?
For Dawn, it was a call from school that confirmed Hannah was struggling, but for other parents, it may be a visit to the pediatrician's office. "Often the physical ailments prompt a trip to the pediatrician's office," says Dr. Jorgensen. "When the pediatrician doesn't find a reason for the physical ailment, the pediatrician and parents will then focus on what else is going on, including changes in the child's life and other factors that might be influencing the behavior."
For parents who already know a child's physical ailment relates to grief, Dr. Jorgensen encourages talking with the child. "Always, a good first question is, 'Do you want to talk about it?'" says Dr. Jorgensen. "And in the meantime, keep doing all the good parenting strategies like making sure the radio is off in the car so kids can talk if they want to and sharing family meals to allow conversation."
Grief typically subsides with time. "When you see a child experiencing grief through stomachaches, headaches, crying, not eating well, acting out and sleeplessness, you should expect things to get a little better after a couple weeks and significantly better by three or four months out," she says. If you're not seeing improvement, seek professional help so grief doesn't move into long-term depression. Dr. Jorgensen also cautions, "people should always seek immediate help if a child talks about harming themselves. This is a less common reaction to grief, but if it happens you need to take seriously."
Getting beyond grief
Whether it's prompted by divorce, death or other life changes, a child's grief needs an outlet. "Encourage the child to talk about the person or pet, look at pictures, write a poem, have a ceremony, plant a tree, make a memory book, draw a picture – all of these are ways that children can express grief," says Dr. Jorgensen.
Hannah experienced two more losses after her parents' divorce: the death of a baby cousin and the death of a great grandmother. She faced both with a new level of openness and acceptance. As Hannah says, "One thing I've learned is it's always okay to ask if you have a question."
For Hannah and Dawn, the year 2006 far outshines 2005. Both participate in Girl Scouts, plus Hannah enjoys competitive swimming, choir and spending time with family and friends. She still thinks about her dad, but without the intense grief. Now she thinks about new ways to stay connected, realizing it's different than it used to be. "Mom put his number in speed dial so I can call him whenever I want, and she put stationery in a drawer so I can write him," says Hannah. "And sometimes when I think about him, I look at pictures."
For more information
To learn more about children and grief, visit meritcare.com (keyword: grief) or call MeritCare Psychiatric Services, (701) 234-4171.