Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a walnut-shaped organ located below a man's bladder that produces fluid for semen.
Experts do not know the exact cause of prostate cancer. But they believe that factors such as age and family history may increase a man's risk for developing the disease. Prostate cancer is more common in men who are 65 and older and is the second most common cause of cancer deaths among men.
Prostate cancer usually does not cause symptoms in its early stages. When symptoms are present, they may include urinary problems such as incontinence or the inability to urinate.
Prostate cancer is often curable if it is discovered early. Treatment options include active surveillance, surgery, radiation, and hormone therapy.
Last Revised: June 21, 2010
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & J. Curtis Nickel, MD, FRCSC - Urology
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