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Heart valve disease is the term used for a number of conditions that affect the four valves of the heart.
A heart valve disease happens when any of the heart's valves either cannot open well enough to let blood flow through (stenosis) or cannot close well enough to prevent backflow of the blood (regurgitation). Heart valve disease can affect any of the four valves in different ways, including a combination of stenosis and regurgitation.
These diseases include:
A heart valve disease affects how well blood flows through your heart.
Your heart is divided into two separate pumping systems—right and left:
Your heart has four separate chambers that pump blood—two on the right side and two on the left side:
Blood travels through your heart and lungs in four steps. In each step, it must pass through a valve.
See a picture of the heart and its chambers, valves, and blood flow.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||John A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI - Cardiology|
|Last Revised||November 29, 2011|
Last Revised: November 29, 2011
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