The Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) of 1975, also known as Public Law 94–142, is a federal law that requires public schools to provide appropriate educational services for all children with disabilities between ages 3 and 21. EAHCA was strengthened and expanded with the passage of the 1997 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Funds are granted to individual states with special education programs that comply with federal guidelines. These guidelines outline only the minimum standards that states must meet in order to get the funds. After meeting these guidelines, states are allowed flexibility in designing their own programs.
Some specific provisions of IDEA are related to:
Detailed documentation of this law is available on the following Web site: www.ed.gov/offices/OSERS/Policy/IDEA.
Last Revised: April 3, 2012
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: John Pope, MD - Pediatrics & Fred Volkmar, MD - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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