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The two most common bacteria found in the diagnosis of toxic shock syndrome (TSS) are Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep) or Staphylococcus aureus (staph). In some cases of TSS, the strep or staph bacteria may cause a serious infection in the body, such as pneumonia, osteomyelitis, or endocarditis.
Strep TSS is not as likely as staph TSS to come back. A person with staph TSS has an increased chance for getting it again.
Strep TSS may be related to:
But strep TSS can develop in people who have no risk factors.
Symptoms of strep TSS include:
Group A strep bacteria can be identified by cultures from a sample of blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or by a tissue biopsy. Cultures from the throat, the vagina, or a sputum sample may also contain the bacteria.
In adults, staph may be part of the normal body bacteria on the skin and in the nose and vagina. More than 90% of adults have developed antibodies to the staph bacteria toxin that causes TSS.1 For those who have not developed an immunity and contract a staph infection, toxic shock syndrome may be related to:
Symptoms of staph TSS include:
|Primary Medical Reviewer||E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Dennis L. Stevens, MD, PhD - Internal Medicine, Infectious Disease|
|Last Revised||February 23, 2012|
Last Revised: February 23, 2012
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