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Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries, the part of a woman's reproductive system that stores and releases eggs for fertilization and produces female sex hormones.
Oophorectomy may be done alone or as part of a hysterectomy.
Oophorectomy is often needed when pelvic disease, such as ovarian cancer, is present. And it is sometimes recommended when the hormones produced by the ovaries are making a disease such as breast cancer or severe endometriosis worse.
In some cases the ovaries are removed to try to reduce the possibility of developing a future disease, such as ovarian cancer. This is called a prophylactic oophorectomy.
About 10 out of 100 women who have a hysterectomy also have a condition or disease that may increase the need for an oophorectomy.1 These conditions or diseases include:
If you do not have an increased risk of ovarian cancer or another disease that requires the removal of your ovaries, consider the benefits of not having your ovaries removed. These benefits include:
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology|
|Last Revised||January 9, 2012|
Last Revised: January 9, 2012
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