Gum disease (periodontal disease) occurs when plaque is allowed to build up on the teeth and the gums (also called the gingiva). Mild gum disease is called gingivitis. It causes red, swollen gums that bleed easily when brushed.
Last Revised: August 5, 2011
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney, MD, MD - Family Medicine & Steven K. Patterson, BS, DDS, MPH - Dentistry
To learn more visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2012 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.