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It is possible that the main title of the report Bardet Biedl Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Bardet-Biedl syndrome is a rare, genetic multisystem disorder characterized primarily by deterioration of the cells that receive light stimuli (cone and rod cells), in the retina of the eyes (progressive cone-rod dystrophy), an extra finger near the pinky or an extra toe near the fifth toe (postaxial polydactyly), a condition in which fat is disproportionately distributed on the abdomen and chest rather than the arms and legs (truncal obesity), diminished size and decreased function of the gonads (testes), in males (hypgonadism), kidney (renal), ,abnormalities, and learning difficulties. Visual abnormalities usually become progressively worse and may ultimately result in blindness. Kidney (renal) abnormalities may progress to cause life-threatening complications. Learning difficulties are a common finding due, in part, to vision loss. Only a minority of affected individuals have severe mental impairment. Most cases of Bardet-Biedl syndrome are inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
Bardet-Biedl syndrome shows significant overlap with a disorder called Laurence-Moon syndrome. In fact, in the past, these disorders were considered the same and referred to as Laurence-Bardet-Biedl syndrome. Eventually, researchers decided that the two disorders despite numerous similarities were distinct entities. However, recent research has demonstrated that some individuals with the clinical findings of Laurence-Moon syndrome have had mutations in genes linked to Bardet-Biedl syndrome. This discovery has led some researchers to suggest that little evidence exists to continue to classify these two disorders as distinct entities.
Foundation Fighting Blindness
7168 Columbia Gateway Drive, Suite 100
Columbia, MD 21046
111 E 59th St
New York, NY 10022-1202
Retinitis Pigmentosa International
P.O. Box 900
Woodland Hills, CA 91365
National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments (NAPVI)
P.O. Box 317
Watertown, MA 02272-0317
American Foundation for the Blind
2 Penn Plaza
New York, NY 10121
American Council of the Blind
2200 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22201
American Printing House for the Blind
1839 Frankfort Avenue
P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206-0085
Prevent Blindness America
211 West Wacker Drive
Chicago, IL 60606
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Foundation Fighting Blindness (Canada)
890 Yonge Street, 12th Floor
Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3P4
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Perkins School for the Blind
175 North Beacon Street
Watertown, MA 02472
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Last Updated: 8/7/2007
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