It is possible that the main title of the report Congenital Muscular Dystrophy is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a general term for a group of genetic muscle diseases that occur at birth (congenital) early during infancy. CMDs are generally characterized by diminished muscle tone (hypotonia), which is sometimes referred to as "floppy baby"; progressive muscle weakness and degeneration (atrophy); abnormally fixed joints that occur when thickening and shortening of tissue such as muscle fibers cause deformity and restrict the movement of an affected area (contractures); and delays in reaching motor milestones such as sitting or standing unassisted. Some forms of CMD may be associated with structural brain defects and, potentially, mental retardation. The severity, specific symptoms, and progression of these disorders vary greatly. Most forms of CMD are inherited as autosomal recessive traits. Ullrich CMD, however, is an autosomal dominant condition.
CMDs belong to a larger group of disorders known as the muscular dystrophies. The muscular dystrophies characterized by weakness and degeneration of various voluntary muscles of the body. Approximately 30 different disorders make up the muscular dystrophies. The disorders affect different muscles and have different ages of onset, severity and inheritance patterns.
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Muscular Dystrophy Association
3300 East Sunrise Drive
Tucson, AZ 85718-3208
Muscular Dystrophy Campaign
61 Southwark Street
London, SE1 0HL
Tel: 020 7803 4800
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Society for Muscular Dystrophy Information International
P.O. Box 7490
Nova Scotia, B4V 2X6
European Alliance of Neuromuscular Disorders Associations
MDG Malta 4
Gzira, Intl GAR 04
Tel: 00356 21 346688
Fax: 00356 21 318024
MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Cure CMD (Congenital Muscular Dystrophy)
P.O. Box 701
Olathe, KS 66051
Child Neurology Foundation
2000 West 98th Street
Bloomington, MN 55431
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
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It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
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Last Updated: 1/6/2010
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