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The most important steps in diagnosing juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are the medical history and physical exam. Your child's doctor may ask some of the following questions:
The physical exam generally is not painful and includes:
A history and physical exam are a routine part of the evaluation of joint pain and stiffness. JIA is diagnosed only after a careful physical exam and medical history.
During the physical exam, the doctor will note:
Using the above information, your doctor may be able to clarify the diagnosis and the type of JIA. In many cases, your child may have symptoms for up to 6 months before the type of arthritis is diagnosed.
The diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) requires ruling out other conditions. Information from the medical history and physical exam is very important to evaluate possible causes of symptoms and to select the best tests to rule out other conditions.
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