Exposure therapy is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Exposure therapy reduces the physical or emotional distress you experience when confronted with a particular object, situation, or distressing thought or memory. During exposure therapy counseling, you may relive a traumatic experience, confront a feared object or situation, or deal with a distressing thought while in a controlled environment.
During this type of therapy, a counselor helps you while you remember or visualize the feared object or distressing thought. The counselor also helps you work through the physical and emotional distress that may occur during this experience. Confronting and learning to cope with the distressing feelings gradually reduces your symptoms.
Activities during exposure therapy vary, depending on the fear, distressing thought, or traumatic experience. Hypnosis and virtual reality are sometimes used. Generally during this type of therapy, you are encouraged to:
You are also taught how to use various relaxation techniques, such as breathing exercises, to deal with emotional and physical distress and fear. Using relaxation techniques helps you maintain a sense of control whenever you are confronted with the feared object, situation, or distressing thought or memory.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Lisa S. Weinstock, MD - Psychiatry|
|Last Revised||September 15, 2010|
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